As community awareness of the need to protect the environment increases, so does awareness of environmental crime.
Environmental crime covers a wide range of Commonwealth offences, including the illegal trade in endangered species and plants, illegal fishing, offending in protected heritage places and Commonwealth marine parks, and environmental pollution such as the illegal disposal of waste and dumping of oil.
Defendants are generally financially motivated as there may be a perception there is a low risk of being caught for this type of crime.
- Australian Antarctic Territory Act 1954
- Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999
- Environment Protection (Sea Dumping) Act 1981
- Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000
- Fisheries Management Act 1991
- Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975
- Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Regulations 2
- Hazardous Waste (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1989
- Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976
- Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006
- Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Management Act 1989
- Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act 1986
- Protection of the Sea (Prevention of Pollution from Ships) Act 1983
- Sea Installations Act 1987
- Underwater Cultural Heritage Act 2018
- Fisheries Management Act 1991 section 100(2) – using a foreign boat for fishing in the Australian Fishing Zone (AFZ);
- Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 section 303EK – importing a live specimen.
The range of penalties applied by the courts in these matters can be viewed by reading our environmental matters case reports.