Commonwealth crimes relating to safety can arise in a variety of areas such as civil aviation, workplace health and safety, consumer product safety and in connection with offshore petroleum and greenhouse gas storage facilities. Examples may include the carriage of dangerous goods by civil aviation operators, breaches of regulations designed to ensure the safety of both passengers and airspace, supplying goods that do not comply with product safety standards, and failure to take all reasonable steps to ensure safe workplaces.
On 1 January 2012 the new Work Health and Safety (WHS) Act 2011 offences commenced operation. The WHS Act contains a number of offences and, in particular, 3 categories of offences which relate to the failure to comply with a health and safety duty:
- category 1 offence – a person engaging in conduct that exposes an individual to whom a duty is owed to a risk of death or serious injury being reckless to the risk;
- category 2 offence – a person failing to comply with a duty which exposes an individual to risk of death or serious injury;
- category 3 offence – a person failing to comply with a duty.
- s.31 Work Health and Safety Act 2011 – reckless conduct (category 1)
- s.32 Work Health and Safety Act 2011 – failure to comply with health and safety duty (category 2)
- s.33 Work Health and Safety Act 2011 – failure to comply with health and safety duty (category 3)
The maximum penalties for these offences depend upon the type of defendant and are as follows:
|Category 1||Category 2||Category 3|
|Individual||$300,000/5 years imprisonment||$150,000||$50,000|
|Person/officer of a person conducting business or undertaking||$600,000/5 years imprisonment||$300,000||$100,000|
The WHS Act provides for a number of sentencing orders in addition to those available under Part 1B of the Crimes Act 1914 including adverse publicity orders; orders for restoration; work health and safety project orders; release on the giving of a court-ordered WHS undertaking; injunctions; and training orders.
Section 34 of the Work Health and Safety Act 2011 contains a number of exceptions to the offences in certain circumstances. These exceptions encompass volunteers and unincorporated associations.
The CDPP provides sentencing data to the Commonwealth Sentencing Database (CSD). Permission to access the CSD can be obtained at http://njca.com.au/sentencing/.
On 1 January 2012 the new Work Health and Safety Act 2011 offences commenced operation.
On 7 July 2011 the Senate jointly referred the Work Health and Safety (Transitional and Consequential Provisions) Bill 2011 and the Work Health and Safety Bill 2011 to the Education, Employment and Workplace Relations Legislation Committee for inquiry. The Committee reported on 26 August 2011.